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Researching and Citing: Citing in APA

This guide provides assistance in finding, evaluating, and citing sources to use in research.


Did you know that articles, ebooks and other materials from library databases will provide citations of your material in APA format?   BUT, be sure to double check ALL citation info to make sure that capitalization, italics and other formatting is correct.  Here's how to do it in:

Examples of APA in Works Cited Page & In-Text Citations

Here are a couple of citations examples. 

Note:  Be sure to use Hanging Indent, Double Space and Alphabetize! Also note that APA only capitalizes the first word of titles and subtitles; also italicize title of books and journals and volume# of journal but not issue#).



Last Name, F. M., & Last Name, F. M. (Year of publication). Title of book: Capital letter for for first word in title and subtitle [be sure to italicize] (Edition [if given]).  Publisher City, Publisher State Abbreviation: Publisher.


Booth, W.C., & Gregory G. C. (2003). The craft of research (2nd ed.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Example of in-text citation [author and publication year. If no author, use title italicized, page number is encouraged, but not required]:

(Booth & Gregory, 2003, p.25).


Last Name, F. M. (Year Published). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), {title, vol must be italicized, Issue is not italicized}, page numbers. doi: number or Retrieved from url (if from online) 


Tolson, N. (1998). Making books available: The role of early libraries, librarians, and booksellers. African American Review, 32 (1), 9-16. Retrieved from

Example of in-text citation [author last name, year of publication.  If no author, use title in quotes. Page number is encouraged, but not required]:

(Tolson, 1998, p.25).


Last, F. M. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title [Format if media]. Retrieved from url


PBSoffbook. (2013, October 3). How to be creative [Video file]. Retrieved from

Example of in-text citation [author and date.  If no author, use title in quotes. Page number is encouraged but not required, if no page number, use paragraph number]:

(PBSoffbook, 2013).

Citation Makers

These websites create formatted citations in APA from info you provide:


EasyBib Citation Maker

Oregon School Library Information System